Home Health & Safety Types of Fire Doors

Types of Fire Doors


Fire doors are a legal requirement in-line with The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 for all non-domestic properties. So, if you’re the ”responsible person” or owner of a private business, commercial premises or public building, it’s your responsibility to ensure the fire-rated fire doors are professionally installed at your premises.

When it comes to the types of fire doors available, there are a few options to consider. The ideal fire door for your premises will largely depend on your property size and location. In this latest blog post, we’ll be covering the main types of fire doors…

30-Minute Fire Doors

30-minute fire (FD30 Doors) are popular types of fire doors installed throughout small to medium-sized commercial premises and public buildings. As the name suggests, these types of fire doors are able to provide resistance to the spread of smoke and fire for up to 30 minutes. As a result, this helps fire confinement and prevents the spread of fire from escalating into other rooms throughout your premises. There are various different styles to suit your bespoke preferences.

60-Minute Fire Doors

60-minute fire doors are very similar to 30-minute fire doors with the only key difference being that 60-minute fire doors are able to provide resistance from fire and smoke for up to 60 minutes. 60-minute fire doors are installed throughout a wide range of commercial premises and public buildings including schools, office blocks, and shops. A wide range of designs and materials are available to select from including Oak and Walnut which are particular favourites.

90-Minute Fire Doors

90-minute doors (FD90 Doors) offer up to 90 minutes of fire resistance. Just like all types of fire doors, FD90 doors must be professionally installed by competent and accredited fire door installers. Intumescent strips in either the door or the frame are required by law and certified BS 476 Pt 22:1987 or BS EN 1634-1:2014.Fire doors finishes available include glazing, laminate facings, and paint grades.

120-Minute Fire Doors

120-minute fire doors are the least common type of fire door installed but are suitable for larger-scale premises that are host to hundreds, if not thousands, of people. For example, a few applications where you may see 120-minute fire doors installed include; leisure facilities, retail outlets, housing associations, and larger educational establishments such as universities. For FD120 doors, the Walnut finish is a particular favourite.

Fire Door Components

Regardless of the type of fire door you select for maximum suitability and fire protection, every fire door should consist of the same components. All the below components play an integral part in ensuring that your fire door performs to its full capability in the event of a fire breakout:

•Hinges – minimum of three hinges are required to comply with the latest legal legislation.

•Closers – closers are used for a fire door to automatically close by itself.

•Locks & Latches – another essential fire door component to comply with BS EN 12209.

•Sealants – Used to seal the gaps between the door frame for additional fire protection.

•Intumescent Door Strips – they fit into the rebate of your fire door and expand when in contact with heat.

Do All Fire Doors Need To Be Serviced?

Yes, of course. Whether you have the FD30 door or FD120 door installed, fire door servicing is required at least once every six months. This is to ensure that your fire door(s) are working to full operation and providing maximum fire safety. Servicing includes checking all individual components of your door including door closers, hinges, and frames. Fire door servicing is a legal requirement in-line with The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005.


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