What Is Stainless Steel?
Stainless steel is an alloy of iron, chromium, and nickel. The chromium compound gives the steel its corrosion-resistant properties.
Why Use Stainless Steel?
Stainless steel is durable and can be cost-effective to purchase. It can also be recyclable and sustainable if recycled correctly.
How Is Stainless Steel Made?
Iron and carbon make the steel. By melting iron, carbon, and oxygen in a crucible, we obtain a molten mass of carbon and iron. The molten mass is then cooled, forming steel.
What Are the Three Types of Stainless Steel?
It has good corrosion resistance to water, keeping it free from corrosion for up to 10 years. Type 430 also has good corrosion resistance from gas, mild acids, and strong bases. It may be slightly susceptible to saltwater corrosion.
It is used in industrial applications and where parts will be exposed to aggressive chemicals, steaming and steam cleaning, maintaining it for five years. Type 304 also has good corrosion resistance for mild acids and bases, such as diluted vinegar. Type 304 is slightly more resistant to rusting than other types of stainless steel.
It is resistant to chlorine, copper, and other chemicals than can attack fine stainless steel fittings. Its ability to handle potable water and industrial saltwater makes it valuable in many applications. Type 316 is highly resistant to tarnishing, pitting, and crevice corrosion.
8 Things You Must Know About Using Stainless Steel
Stainless steel is in use in various industries, from construction to medical. The main benefit is its durability and resistance to several corrosive chemicals. Here are eight things you must know when using stainless steel:
1. Use Correct Grade for Application
There is a wide variety of stainless steel grades, each offering different levels of corrosion resistance. These grades range from 304 to 316 and 430. 304 is best if you’re looking for general corrosion resistance, while 430 is better for stainless steel used in food and pharmaceutical. Using the correct grade of stainless steel will keep it from rusting, but that doesn’t mean it can’t be damaged. To keep your stainless steel in good condition, treat it regularly with a product like Stainless Steel Mildew from Miami stainless.
2. Choose the Suitable Stainless Steel for Submerged Objects
You must know whether you will be using them underwater or if they should be used in the air. 304 and 316 are generally stainless steel and can withstand underwater use. Still, it’s essential to check with the manufacturer or supplier before ordering a product that submerges in water.
3. Don’t Overheat
Avoid exceeding the temperature of the metal, and don’t hold a torch to it either. Excessive heat can weaken the metal and cause it to fail prematurely.
4. Never Use Harsh Chemicals on Stainless Steel
Acids and abrasive cleaners can damage the metal surface and cause pitting or corrosion. Instead, use natural products like vinegar to clean your stainless steel.
5. Avoid Excessive Contact With Saltwater
Saltwater can be highly corrosive to the metal and cause a reaction leading to rust. When possible, avoid any contact with salt water to keep your stainless steel in good condition.
6. Use Plumber’s Tape
The plumber’s video will help prevent mixing different types of piping that shouldn’t be mixed, like plastic and stainless steel. It also helps seal joints, which reduces the chances of corrosion occurring.
7. Be Careful When Welding
When welding stainless steel, it’s essential to use the correct filler rod. The filler must be appropriate for the desired finish and include an excellent deoxidizer.
8. Avoid Using Muriatic Acid
Muriatic acid is commonly used in swimming pools to keep them clean. Unfortunately, this can also cause damage to stainless steel equipment if it’s not cleaned correctly after use. Instead, use diluted vinegar for cleaning.
These eight things you must know about using stainless steel should help you to keep your stainless steel in good condition longer. By following these tips, you can expect your stainless steel to stay rust-free for a long time.